Dr. Anil Sharma MS. FAMS. FIAGES Endo Laparoscopist & Urology Surgeon


Dr. Indu Sharma MBBS. DGO. Gynecologist

Parijat Endolaparoscopic Urology & Maternity Hospital

Kidney / Ureter

Kidney Stones

A kidney stones is a solid pieces of the material which is made in the kidney from the mineral in urine, it's also called a renal calculus or nephrolith. The kidney stone leave the body in the urine and small pieces of the stone may pass with the urine. If size of the stones are growing and size has abnormal then stones can blockage of the ureter. The stone leads to pain in the stomach and lower back. The symptoms of the stones are: fever, vomiting, nausea, painful urine and blood in the urine.

Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy

The percutaneous nephrolithotomy is a process of the surgery to remove kidneys stones. This action performed the help of a small 1cm incision through in the skin. Mostly this procedure uses when the stones size grow up to the 2cm. Generally this process used under the spinal anesthesia or general anesthesia.

Renal Colic

The renal colic is a kind of pain, the main reason of this pain is kidney stone. The kidney stone is crystals that form from chemicals in the urine. Generally the stone develops when a single chemical is present too much in the urine. The stones may block the flow of the urine and it can produce the pain if urine travels down the tube of the urinary system. In the symptoms of the renal colic involve pain in the abdomen, pain in the back side, blood flow in the urine, fever, vomiting, abnormally urine colour, etc.

Shock Wave Lithotripsy for Kidney Stones

The lithotripsy is a medical process that shock waves used to treat stones in the kidney, ureter or bladder. A thin tube carries urine from kidneys to bladder. After this process the small pieces of the stones exits from our body through the urine.
Shock wave lithotripsy has two types technology. The original lithotripsy machines sent the shock wave through the water in a tube. In the tube patient being treated was placed. The mostly shock wave lithotripsy machine used by the specialist at the present time.

Ureteropelivic Junction Obstruction

The ureteropelvic junction obstruction is an area where blockage occurs at the junction where bladder or ureter meets to the kidney. These blockage reduced flow of the urine down the ureter and increase of fluid pressure inside the kidneys. Generally the kidney makes filter and clean the blood and produce urine, then carries the waste items out of the body. The ureters are the tubes and carry urine from the kidneys for the bladder. When an ureteropelvic junction obstruction is present, the kidney becomes wide, which may lead to abatement in the kidney function over the time, the evolution of the kidney or urinary system, possibly and infections formation of kidney stones.


The ureteroscopy is a procedure to a test. In this examination the ureteroscopy uses a small lighted tube for ureters test. The ureters are thin tubes, it is connected to the kidneys and the bladder, these thin tubes carries urine from the kidneys to bladder. By using an ureteroscopy the specialist can look a stone in the ureter and he can remove stone with the little basket at the ending of a wire inserted by an extra channel in the ureteroscopy.